A new report by Glassdoor, Demystifying the Gender Pay Gap, helps to confirm the existence of wage disparities by sex and why they continue. It is based on a unique data set of more than 534,000 salary reports by employees, which includes pay data down to specific job title and company name.
This specificity has enabled Glassdoor to understand both the “unadjusted” and “adjusted” pay gaps in each of five countries (the United States, United Kingdom, Austria, Germany, and France.) In the U.S., the data confirmed the degree of the disparity and which industries have the largest and smallest gender pay gaps.
The unadjusted pay gap between men and women in the U.S. is 24.1%, meaning women earn, on average, $.76 for every $1 men earn. When adding statistical controls for age, education, and years of experience, Glassdoor data show the gap compresses to 19.2%.
And, when additional controls for occupation, industry, location, year, company, and job title are factored in, the pay gap in the U.S. becomes 5.4%, revealing the adjusted pay gap, according to Glassdoor.
“The gender pay gap is real,” said Dr. Andrew Chamberlain, chief economist at Glassdoor, Inc. “While our report reveals a significant gender pay gap, it’s important to understand there are multiple ways to analyze this gap.”