Millions of American workers are struggling with work-related pressure and anxiety daily, and it is severely impacting their mental health. According to findings, over the last year, the heightened stress levels associated with the pandemic and other external factors have affected the coping ability of employees and increased substance abuse among the workforce to adjust to new working conditions and lifestyle environments. This includes:
- 1 in 3 Americans admit they’re more likely to drink alcohol during work hours while working from home
- Specific industries, like construction, are seeing an alarming surge in deaths by suicide
While nearly half of individuals who die by suicide have a diagnosed mental health condition, research shows 90% experienced symptoms including (but not limited to) stress, anxiety, and depression.
Support During High Stress Times
As thoughts turn to the holiday season, which is already recognized as a high-stress period for employees, organizations need to remind workers about assistance programs designed to improve stress management and address substance abuse issues. These programs can assist with managing any mental health issues an employee is facing and reduce higher employer costs associated with stress, anxiety, depression, and substance abuse.
In fact, according to Quit Genius, lost productivity resulting from a substance abuse disorder costs employers $25.5 billion overall annually. And employees with multiple addictions can cost employers between $16,000 – $21,000 annually, almost three times more than those with no underlying drug or alcohol issues.
Missed days of work and productivity also add up when employees have substance abuse issues according to a recently completed study. Workers with a substance abuse disorder miss nearly three work weeks per year for illness, injury, or reasons other than vacations and holidays, compared to 10.5 days for workers without drug or alcohol issues.
Support Available Through Employee Assistance Program
With pressures continuing to mount on workers, providing an Employee Assistance Program (EAP) is a critical step toward keeping employees healthy and safe. An Employee Assistance Program (EAP) is a work-based intervention program that assists employees in dealing with personal challenges that may be adversely affecting the employee’s performance. An EAP offers assistance and resources for a variety of needs, including:
- Substance use
- Stress management
- Anxiety and depression
- Financial and legal concerns
- Family and parenting issues
- Relationship improvement
- Life changes
- Workplace violence
Many EAPs extend services to an employee’s immediate family members so that everyone who needs help can get it. The information discussed with an EPA counselor is confidential and compliant with state and federal laws.
Employees may choose to contact the EAP provider at their company on their own, or sometimes an employee may be asked to use an EAP as part of an agreement with an employer. The guidance provided by the Employee Assistance Professionals Association (EAPA) states an employee’s job security will not be jeopardized because of seeking or using EAP services, except where mandated by law.
Supporting Employees through Drug Screening
In addition to reminding employees of assistance programs, employers may want to help employees manage substance abuse by implementing drug testing for remote workers. Evidence suggests pre-employment drug testing results in:
- Reduced turnover
- Increased productivity
- Decreased absenteeism
- Compliance with state or federal regulations
- Lower workman’s compensation costs
- Reduced healthcare costs
- Improved workplace safety
- Better identification of, and referral for, employees with drug or alcohol struggles
One of the best ways to determine if an employee is struggling with a substance abuse issue is to conduct pre-employment drug testing and continue routine testing per an organization’s drug-free workplace plan.
Most organizations have their own unique drug testing policy and timing frequency. The most significant difference for implementing remote drug testing is the type of testing and how the screening process is going to be managed – especially during the current conditions related to the pandemic. However, certain industries like aviation and trucking are regulated by the U.S. Department of Transportation and have different guidelines they must follow. Regardless if a company is regulated by DOT or not, employers may want to choose a drug screening provider that has earned a Consortium/Third-Party Administrator accreditation (this assures compliance with DOT drug testing requirements) and one who can walk employers through all the options that are available in non-DOT drug testing.
In addition to the tips above, employers can also recommend the following crisis resources to employees. Organizations don’t have to wait until something tragic happens to one of their employees or a mass worker exodus before encouraging employees to get help. Highlighting available EAPs along with the use of consistent drug screening, should help organizations improve employee wellness and reduce costs associated with stress, anxiety, depression, and substance abuse.
- If you or someone you know is in an emergency, call 911 immediately.
- If you are in crisis or are experiencing difficult or suicidal thoughts, call the National Suicide Hotline at 1-800-273 TALK (8255)
- If you’re uncomfortable talking on the phone, you can also text NAMI to 741-741 to be connected to a free, trained crisis counselor on the Crisis Text Line.
RJ Frasca is Vice President of Marketing and Product of EBI Inc., a leading background screening provider. Frasca brings over 20 years of marketing and product experience with companies such as Yahoo, Microsoft, Time Warner and Verizon.