HR Management & Compliance

Social media background checks? ‘I’m Not a Fan’

“Social media background checks are a hot item,” says attorney Kevin McCormick, “but I’m not a fan.”

Sneaky, Low, Invasive

Furthermore, social sleuthing smacks of “Sneaky,” “Low,” and “Invasion,” says McCormick. “One thing I know is what juries like and what they don’t like, and they don’t like that.”

Chair of the Labor and Employment Section of Baltimore law firm Whiteford, Taylor & Preston, LLP, McCormick is also a member of the 50-state Employers Counsel Network. His remarks came at the Advanced Employment Issues Symposium held recently in Las Vegas.

Legal Issues

McCormick points to the following issues involved in social media background checks:

  • Privacy
  • New state laws prohibiting password requests
  • More information than you want (discovering protected class status can lead to Title VII and other discrimination claims)
  • NLRA/Concerted Activity claims
  • Fair Credit Reporting Act and state equivalent violations
  • Negligent hiring
  • State laws relating to off-duty conduct
  • First Amendment

Free Webcast—Talent Management Technology: 5 Reasons to Embrace HRMS in Attracting, Sourcing, Recruiting & Onboarding Top Talent. Practical, field-tested approaches. Don’t miss this opportunity! Get info here.

State Law Actions on Social Sleuthing

Many states have taken or are considering legislation related to social sleuthing, McCormick notes. For example:

  • Illinois: Amended “Right to Privacy in the Workplace Act” to prohibit employers from requiring or requesting that employees or applicants reveal the usernames and passwords for personal accounts on websites such as Facebook and Twitter.
  • Mary|and: User Name and Password Privacy Protection and Exclusions Act: Employers may not refuse to hire an applicant or discipline employees for failure to disclose a user name, password, or related information.
  • California: There is pending state legislation, the Social Media Privacy Act, that would prohibit requests for passwords or access.

Similar bills pending/soon to be passed in:

  • New Jersey
  • Delaware
  • Massachusetts
  • Minnesota
  • Michigan
  • South Carolina
  • New York
  • Washington
  • Missouri
  • Pennsylvania

Privacy and Off-Duty Conduct Concerns with Social Sleuthing

Furthermore, says McCormick, 29 states limit employer ability to regulate employees’ off-duty conduct:

  • "Tobacco" states: Connecticut, District of Columbia, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Virginia, West Virginia, and Wyoming
  • "Legal Products" states: Illinois, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Wisconsin
  • "Lawful activities" states: California, Colorado, New York, and North Dakota

Exercise caution when taking action based on lawful conduct described or in photographs on social media sites, says McCormick.

Join Daily Advisor and iCIMS on March 25 for a free 60-minute webcast on the exploding impact technology is having on talent management. Find out how talent acquisition and technology go hand and hand and why using technology is crucial to your organization’s future recruiting and talent management success. Register now for this free event.

Federal Level Action

On the federal scene, Sen. Charles Schumer (NY) and Sen. Richard Blumenthal (CT) have pushed the EEOC and the DOJ to launch a federal investigation regarding legality of username and password requests, and the Password Protection Act of 2012 proposed federal legislation that would prohibit employers from compelling or coercing access to any online information stored anywhere on the Internet if that information is secured against general public access by the user.

Erin Egan, Facebook’s chief privacy officer, says that demanding passwords from employees "undermines the privacy expectations and the security of both the user and the user’s friends…. It also potentially exposes the employer who seeks this access to unanticipated legal liability."

And the ACLU has a "DemandYourdotRights" campaign that condemns employer password policies and pushes for legislation protecting password privacy.

In tomorrow’s Advisor, dangers of outsourcing social media searches, plus good news—we’ve got a free webinar for you that will clarify how technology can help with your talent acquisition program.

1 thought on “Social media background checks? ‘I’m Not a Fan’”

  1. I agree–not a big fan, either. Checks of social media are so fraught with potential legal problems, and it sometimes seem like the checkers are more interested in being voyeurs, at worst, or just nosy snoops.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *